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How To Care For Someone With Epilepsy

Caring for someone with epilepsy can be unpredictable, but staying educated and understanding how to tend to someone with epilepsy can be helpful when they need you most. If you care for someone with epilepsy, here's what you need to know.

Signs of an Oncoming Seizure

A seizure is a sudden burst of electrical activity in the brain. There may be warning signs before it happens, such as:

  • Abnormal feelings or emotions
  • Numbness or tingling in various areas
  • Unusual behavior
  • Changes in sensory input such as tastes and smells
  • Sensations of déjà vu

Symptoms and Signs of a Seizure in Progress

A seizure actually being in progress has different signs and symptoms. These vary in severeness and in how much can be done to aid the seizing person. Such symptoms are:

  • Loss of consciousness, followed by confusion
  • Drooling or experiencing frothing at the mouth
  • Falling
  • Having muscle spasms which are uncontrollable
  • Biting the tongue
  • Having abrupt, rapid eye movements
  • Experiencing a strange taste in the mouth
  • Making noises that are unusual, such as grunting
  • Loss of control in the function of bladder or bowel
  • Sudden mood changes

Seizure Care

Most seizures with an epileptic cause are not emergencies, and this is fortunate, as they can be both frightening to witness and difficult to assist. Though not much can be done to stop a seizure in progress, there are steps you can take to best protect someone experiencing an episode.

First aid for seizures is a matter of carefully taken precautions.

  • Keep other people from getting in the way.
  • Clear away hard or shop objects from the person's reach.
  • Do not try to hold the person down or stop the seizure's movements from happening.
  • Place the person on their side to help keep their airway clear.
  • Time the seizure; take note of the time at the beginning and end.
  • Don't put anything in the person's mouth. A popular myth perpetuated by film and television portrays that people swallow their tongues during a seizure, which does not happen. However, one could be bitten or the person's teeth could be damaged.

Seizures affect everyone differently and can be both scary and severe in many cases. Contact  Amor Mehta MD - Neurology Center for Epilepsy & Seizures, LLC today at (732) 800-4587 to see how we can help you care for your loved one, as well as assist with the prevention and limitation of seizure occurrences.