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Epilepsy Treatment Options

The word, epilepsy can sound kind of scary, but in reality, it is a very common disorder that many people live with every day. Read on to learn more about epilepsy and the treatment options available.

What is Epilepsy? What Are The Treatments?

Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain that causes seizures. Seizures can come in many forms, including convulsions or spasms of the body, loss of muscle tone, or even just staring off into space. A person can sometimes lose consciousness during a seizure as well.

There are many factors within the body that contribute to epilepsy, but the main cause is an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain that trigger nerve cells to send the wrong signals. These incorrect signals are what lead to seizures. Changes in the brain can be caused by a head injury, stroke, infection of the brain, or can just be genetic.

There are several treatment options for epilepsy, including

  • Medications

  • Diet changes

  • Neurostimulation

  • Surgery

A common first-line treatment for epilepsy is medications. Your doctor will review the symptoms of your seizures, as well as factors such as your age, sex, and other medical conditions, to determine what type of medication is best for you. Your medication regimen may also be combined with diet changes or other treatments for the best success.

Diet Changes

Diet changes are an easy way to help reduce seizures. Your doctor may recommend a ketogenic diet, which is a diet low in carbs and high in fat. However, it is best to always consult your doctor before starting this type of diet.


Neurostimulation, or stimulating certain areas of the brain either invasively or non-invasively, is usually tried when other treatment options have not worked to reduce seizures. There are a few types of neurostimulation that have been used to treat epilepsy, including vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), brain-responsive neurostimulation, and deep brain stimulation.


Surgery is usually the last resort option for people whose seizures have not been reduced by any other method. It can involve removing a small section of brain tissue, destroying specific damaged cells using a laser, implanting a device to stimulate specific nerves, or severing the connective tissue that connects the right and left sides of the brain.

Book an appointment with Dr. Amor Mehta MD today to learn what epilepsy treatment options are best for you.